Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?

Considering the pandemic context and the need to adopt policies to fight the dissemination of the coronavirus in prison, the National Council of Justice issued Recommendation No. 62/2020. Among the measures described there, there is the recommendation to magistrates to observe, with greater rigor, t...

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Main Author: Santos Ryu, Daiana
Format: Article
Language:Portuguese
Published: 2022
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8438796
Source:Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 8, Nº. 1, 2022
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00015302922022-05-19Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?Santos Ryu, Daianaprisão preventivapandemiaexcepcionalidadepreventive detentionexceptionalitypandemicConsidering the pandemic context and the need to adopt policies to fight the dissemination of the coronavirus in prison, the National Council of Justice issued Recommendation No. 62/2020. Among the measures described there, there is the recommendation to magistrates to observe, with greater rigor, the exceptionality of preventive detention. Given this situation, this study aims to analyze the application of such a recommendation by the Judiciary in this pandemic context. Therefore, decisions issued by the Superior Court of Justice, from 01.01.2021 to 07.01.2021, are analyzed in order to answer the following question: in times of pandemic, has preventive detention been treated as an ultima ratio by the STJ? In view of the data presents by this empirical research, it is concluded that, in reality, the prison policy proposed by the CNJ has not been observed, having been verified its relativization by this Superior Court even in cases where, in theory, it would be enough the application of less burdensome precautionary measures.Considerando-se o contexto pandêmico e a necessidade de adoção de políticas de enfrentamento à disseminação do coronavírus no cárcere, o Conselho Nacional de Justiça editou a Recomendação nº 62/2020. Entre as medidas ali descritas, está a recomendação aos/às magistrados/as que observem, com maior rigor, a excepcionalidade da prisão preventiva. Diante de tal quadro, o presente estudo visa analisar a aplicação de tal recomendação pelo Poder Judiciário neste contexto pandêmico. Para tanto, são analisadas decisões proferidas pelo Superior Tribunal de Justiça, no período de 01.01.2021 a 01.07.2021, visando-se responder à seguinte pergunta: nos tempos pandemia, a prisão preventiva tem sido tratada como ultima ratio pelo STJ? Diante dos dados apresentados pela pesquisa empírica aqui trazida, conclui-se que, na realidade, a política carcerária proposta pelo CNJ não tem sido observada, tendo sido verificada sua relativização por tal Tribunal Superior até mesmo nos casos em que, em tese, caberia a aplicação de medidas cautelares menos gravosas.2022text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8438796(Revista) ISSN 2525-510XRevista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 8, Nº. 1, 2022porLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI
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Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 8, Nº. 1, 2022
language
Portuguese
topic
prisão preventiva
pandemia
excepcionalidade
preventive detention
exceptionality
pandemic
spellingShingle
prisão preventiva
pandemia
excepcionalidade
preventive detention
exceptionality
pandemic
Santos Ryu, Daiana
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
description
Considering the pandemic context and the need to adopt policies to fight the dissemination of the coronavirus in prison, the National Council of Justice issued Recommendation No. 62/2020. Among the measures described there, there is the recommendation to magistrates to observe, with greater rigor, the exceptionality of preventive detention. Given this situation, this study aims to analyze the application of such a recommendation by the Judiciary in this pandemic context. Therefore, decisions issued by the Superior Court of Justice, from 01.01.2021 to 07.01.2021, are analyzed in order to answer the following question: in times of pandemic, has preventive detention been treated as an ultima ratio by the STJ? In view of the data presents by this empirical research, it is concluded that, in reality, the prison policy proposed by the CNJ has not been observed, having been verified its relativization by this Superior Court even in cases where, in theory, it would be enough the application of less burdensome precautionary measures.
format
Article
author
Santos Ryu, Daiana
author_facet
Santos Ryu, Daiana
author_sort
Santos Ryu, Daiana
title
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
title_short
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
title_full
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
title_fullStr
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
title_full_unstemmed
Encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (Sars-CoV-2) na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
title_sort
encarceramento provisório na pandemia do coronavírus (sars-cov-2) na jurisprudência do superior tribunal de justiça: prisão preventiva como ultima ratio?
publishDate
2022
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8438796
_version_
1733376698492125184