Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio

It is the objective of this work to observe how it is possible to find in contemporary legal discourse patterns of analysis of the criminality of women typical of criminological positivism in continuity with original/demonological criminology. We hold as an assumption that the meanings about crim...

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Main Author: Rozanski, Noelia
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2021
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8203836
Source:Revista Electrónica del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales Ambrosio Lucas Gioja, ISSN 1851-3069, Nº. 27, 2021, pags. 391-416
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Revista Electrónica del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales Ambrosio Lucas Gioja, ISSN 1851-3069, Nº. 27, 2021, pags. 391-416
language
Spanish
topic
Criminología
positivismo
mujeres
feminismos
locura puerperal
criminology
positivism
women
feminisms
puerperal insanity
spellingShingle
Criminología
positivismo
mujeres
feminismos
locura puerperal
criminology
positivism
women
feminisms
puerperal insanity
Rozanski, Noelia
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
description
It is the objective of this work to observe how it is possible to find in contemporary legal discourse patterns of analysis of the criminality of women typical of criminological positivism in continuity with original/demonological criminology. We hold as an assumption that the meanings about crime and delinquency are the result of definitions and social processes and therefore criminology is always a political discipline (Del Olmo, 1990). Criminology cannot be conceived as a homogeneous or neutral field of knowledge, since in its development it operates as a power discourse to legitimize or question practices with the social impact that this implies. As a starting point we will begin by referring to the genesis and development of criminological positivism in Argentina at the academic level of intellectuals and in the "criminological common sense" configured mainly by the reception of publications in the press and to a lesser extent in magazines specialized as Criminalogía Moderna, founded in 1898 and directed by Pietro Gori, and Archivos de Criminología, Medicina Legal y Psiquiatría, founded in 1902 by Francisco de Veyga and directed by José Ingenieros, for later to make approaches from the crime of infanticide and its link with the thesis of "puerperal insanity/psychosis" as a stigmatizing and criminalizing argument of female bodies.
format
Article
author
Rozanski, Noelia
author_facet
Rozanski, Noelia
author_sort
Rozanski, Noelia
title
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
title_short
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
title_full
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
title_fullStr
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
title_full_unstemmed
Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
title_sort
las mujeres criminales del positivismo en argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio
publishDate
2021
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8203836
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1720425145859833856
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00014992462021-12-24Las mujeres criminales del positivismo en Argentina: aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidioRozanski, NoeliaCriminologíapositivismomujeresfeminismoslocura puerperalcriminologypositivismwomenfeminismspuerperal insanityIt is the objective of this work to observe how it is possible to find in contemporary legal discourse patterns of analysis of the criminality of women typical of criminological positivism in continuity with original/demonological criminology. We hold as an assumption that the meanings about crime and delinquency are the result of definitions and social processes and therefore criminology is always a political discipline (Del Olmo, 1990). Criminology cannot be conceived as a homogeneous or neutral field of knowledge, since in its development it operates as a power discourse to legitimize or question practices with the social impact that this implies. As a starting point we will begin by referring to the genesis and development of criminological positivism in Argentina at the academic level of intellectuals and in the "criminological common sense" configured mainly by the reception of publications in the press and to a lesser extent in magazines specialized as Criminalogía Moderna, founded in 1898 and directed by Pietro Gori, and Archivos de Criminología, Medicina Legal y Psiquiatría, founded in 1902 by Francisco de Veyga and directed by José Ingenieros, for later to make approaches from the crime of infanticide and its link with the thesis of "puerperal insanity/psychosis" as a stigmatizing and criminalizing argument of female bodies.Es objetivo de este trabajo observar cómo es posible encontrar en el discurso jurídico contemporáneo patrones de análisis de la criminalidad de las mujeres propios del positivismo criminológico en continuidad con la criminología originaria/demonológica. Sostenemos como supuesto que los significados sobre el delito y la delincuencia son resultado de definiciones y procesos sociales y por ende la criminología es siempre una disciplina política (Del Olmo, 1990). No es posible concebir la criminología como campo de conocimiento homogéneo ni neutral, ya que en su desarrollo opera como discurso de poder para legitimar o cuestionar prácticas con el impacto social que esto implica. Como punto de inicio comenzaremos refiriendo a la génesis y desarrollo del positivismo criminológico en la Argentina en el plano académico de los intelectuales y en el “sentido común criminológico” configurado principalmente por la recepción de las publicaciones en la prensa y en menor medida en las revistas especializadas como Criminalogía Moderna, fundada en 1898 y dirigida por Pietro Gori, y Archivos de Criminología, Medicina Legal y Psiquiatría, fundada en 1902 por Francisco de Veyga y dirigida por José Ingenieros, para posteriormente realizar aproximaciones a partir del delito de infanticidio y su vinculación con la tesis de la “locura/psicosis puerperal” como argumento estigmatizante y criminalizante de los cuerpos femeninos.2021text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8203836(Revista) ISSN 1851-3069Revista Electrónica del Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas y Sociales Ambrosio Lucas Gioja, ISSN 1851-3069, Nº. 27, 2021, pags. 391-416spaLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI