Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi

The essay deals with the steps that led to the birth of the Scientific Police School (Higher School from 1925), thanks to the work of Salvatore Ottolenghi. The School was founded in 1902 in Rome and aimed to teach both police and investigative police officers a scientific method to best perform thei...

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Main Author: Garlati, Loredana
Format: Article
Language:Italian
Published: 2021
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8084177
Source:Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 7, Nº. 2, 2021, pags. 883-933
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Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 7, Nº. 2, 2021, pags. 883-933
language
Italian
topic
Scientific Police School
scientific proof
Ottolenghi
Salvatore
Anthropometry
Dactyloscopy
Scuola di polizia scientifica
Ottolenghi
Salvatore
Antropometria
Dattiloscopia
spellingShingle
Scientific Police School
scientific proof
Ottolenghi
Salvatore
Anthropometry
Dactyloscopy
Scuola di polizia scientifica
Ottolenghi
Salvatore
Antropometria
Dattiloscopia
Garlati, Loredana
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
description
The essay deals with the steps that led to the birth of the Scientific Police School (Higher School from 1925), thanks to the work of Salvatore Ottolenghi. The School was founded in 1902 in Rome and aimed to teach both police and investigative police officers a scientific method to best perform their tasks: in the former case, the prevention of crimes; in the latter one, providing the judiciary with “objective” data in order to ascertain the procedural truth. The survey gives the chance to focus on a culturally lively period, in which the fideistic enthusiasm towards the so-called auxiliary sciences (anthropology, psychology, forensic medicine, statistics, and so forth) came on the scene of criminal trials, also thanks to the boost given by the Positive School. Particular attention was paid to anthropometry, developed by Bertillon, and dactyloscopy, also thanks to the studies of the Italian Gasti. It was the dawn of the so-called scientific proof, which raised questions – asked even today – about the role of the judge; the legitimacy of practices accused to be invasive and to violate personal rights; the relationship between science and law and between scientific proof and discretionary power (or intime conviction) of the judge.
format
Article
author
Garlati, Loredana
author_facet
Garlati, Loredana
author_sort
Garlati, Loredana
title
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
title_short
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
title_full
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
title_fullStr
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
title_full_unstemmed
Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore Ottolenghi
title_sort
alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di salvatore ottolenghi
publishDate
2021
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8084177
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1713634216751661056
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00014809802021-10-12Alle origini della prova scientifica: la scuola di polizia di Salvatore OttolenghiGarlati, LoredanaScientific Police Schoolscientific proofOttolenghiSalvatoreAnthropometryDactyloscopyScuola di polizia scientificaOttolenghiSalvatoreAntropometriaDattiloscopiaThe essay deals with the steps that led to the birth of the Scientific Police School (Higher School from 1925), thanks to the work of Salvatore Ottolenghi. The School was founded in 1902 in Rome and aimed to teach both police and investigative police officers a scientific method to best perform their tasks: in the former case, the prevention of crimes; in the latter one, providing the judiciary with “objective” data in order to ascertain the procedural truth. The survey gives the chance to focus on a culturally lively period, in which the fideistic enthusiasm towards the so-called auxiliary sciences (anthropology, psychology, forensic medicine, statistics, and so forth) came on the scene of criminal trials, also thanks to the boost given by the Positive School. Particular attention was paid to anthropometry, developed by Bertillon, and dactyloscopy, also thanks to the studies of the Italian Gasti. It was the dawn of the so-called scientific proof, which raised questions – asked even today – about the role of the judge; the legitimacy of practices accused to be invasive and to violate personal rights; the relationship between science and law and between scientific proof and discretionary power (or intime conviction) of the judge.Il saggio ripercorre le tappe che portarono alla nascita della Scuola di polizia scientifica (poi Scuola superiore a partire dal 1925), grazie all’opera di Salvatore Ottolenghi. La Scuola, istituita a Roma nel 1902, si proponeva di insegnare sia ai funzionari di pubblica sicurezza che a quelli della polizia giudiziaria un metodo scientifico per assolvere al meglio le proprie funzioni: nell’un caso la prevenzione dei reati, nell’altro fornire all’autorità giudiziaria dati “oggettivi” ai fini dell’accertamento della verità processuale. L’analisi è l’occasione per aprire uno squarcio su un periodo culturalmente vivace e di fideistico entusiasmo verso le cd. scienze ausiliarie (l’antropologia, la psicologia, la medicina legale, la statistica etc.), che irrompono sulla scena del processo penale, grazie anche all’impulso della Scuola positiva. Oggetto di attenzione sarà in particolare l’antropometria, messa a punto da Bertillon, e la dattiloscopia, grazie anche agli studi dell’italiano Gasti. Siamo agli albori della prova scientifica, che allora, come oggi, interroga sul ruolo del giudice, sulla legittimità dell’uso di pratiche tacciate di invasività e violazione dei diritti della persona, sul rapporto tra scienza e diritto e tra prova scientifica e discrezionalità (o libero convincimento) del giudice.2021text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=8084177(Revista) ISSN 2525-510XRevista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 7, Nº. 2, 2021, pags. 883-933itaLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI