A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno

This paper aims at having a closer look to the level of protection afforded by the Rome Statute to crime victims, as well by its Rules of Procedure and Evidence. The Rome Statute, which encompasses both substantial and procedural norms, has taken the Statutes and the decisions adopted by the ad hoc ...

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Main Author: Robalo, Teresa Lancry
Format: Article
Language:Portuguese
Published: 2020
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7731735
Source:Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 6, Nº. 3, 2020, pags. 1417-1444
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Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 6, Nº. 3, 2020, pags. 1417-1444
language
Portuguese
topic
International Criminal Court
Participation
Protection
Reparation
Rome Statute
Victim
Estatuto de Roma
Participação
Proteção
Reparação
Tribunal Penal Internacional
Vítima
spellingShingle
International Criminal Court
Participation
Protection
Reparation
Rome Statute
Victim
Estatuto de Roma
Participação
Proteção
Reparação
Tribunal Penal Internacional
Vítima
Robalo, Teresa Lancry
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
description
This paper aims at having a closer look to the level of protection afforded by the Rome Statute to crime victims, as well by its Rules of Procedure and Evidence. The Rome Statute, which encompasses both substantial and procedural norms, has taken the Statutes and the decisions adopted by the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals for ex-Yugoslavia and Rwanda. However, the latter did not provide a clear model that aimed at victims’ protection. Therefore, Rome Statute and its Rules of Procedure and Evidence added a set of central measures that aim at protecting victims and witnesses, giving them the opportunity to take part in the process and granting them proper reparation. It shows up as being a paradigm to be taken into account by the internal legislator, even if the State is not a member of the Rome Statute. Hence, the role played by the international community in this regard must be taken into account by the legislator, allowing the victim to regain a conflict that indeed belongs to him/her, as previously argued by Nils Christie. This study makes use of a qualitative methodology, essentially taking literature into deep consideration and starting from the study of the innovation brought by the International Criminal Court on this matter. It is the author’s aim to emphasize its importance as a potential model to be offered to the national legislator. Our hypothesis relies on the assumption that the model created by the Rome Statute towards victims has the potential to be considered by national legislator.
format
Article
author
Robalo, Teresa Lancry
author_facet
Robalo, Teresa Lancry
author_sort
Robalo, Teresa Lancry
title
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
title_short
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
title_full
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
title_fullStr
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
title_full_unstemmed
A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
title_sort
vítima de crimes e o tribunal penal internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador interno
publishDate
2020
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7731735
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1709753365107310592
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00014313862021-01-30A vítima de crimes e o Tribunal Penal Internacional: um modelo irrefutável para o legislador internoRobalo, Teresa LancryInternational Criminal CourtParticipationProtectionReparationRome StatuteVictimEstatuto de RomaParticipaçãoProteçãoReparaçãoTribunal Penal InternacionalVítimaThis paper aims at having a closer look to the level of protection afforded by the Rome Statute to crime victims, as well by its Rules of Procedure and Evidence. The Rome Statute, which encompasses both substantial and procedural norms, has taken the Statutes and the decisions adopted by the ad hoc International Criminal Tribunals for ex-Yugoslavia and Rwanda. However, the latter did not provide a clear model that aimed at victims’ protection. Therefore, Rome Statute and its Rules of Procedure and Evidence added a set of central measures that aim at protecting victims and witnesses, giving them the opportunity to take part in the process and granting them proper reparation. It shows up as being a paradigm to be taken into account by the internal legislator, even if the State is not a member of the Rome Statute. Hence, the role played by the international community in this regard must be taken into account by the legislator, allowing the victim to regain a conflict that indeed belongs to him/her, as previously argued by Nils Christie. This study makes use of a qualitative methodology, essentially taking literature into deep consideration and starting from the study of the innovation brought by the International Criminal Court on this matter. It is the author’s aim to emphasize its importance as a potential model to be offered to the national legislator. Our hypothesis relies on the assumption that the model created by the Rome Statute towards victims has the potential to be considered by national legislator.O presente trabalho pretende analisar o nível de tutela conferida à vítima pelo Estatuto de Roma, que criou o Tribunal Penal Internacional, o qual abarca tanto uma vertente substantiva como processual, tendo levado em linha de conta os Estatutos, bem como as decisões tomadas pelos Tribunais Penais Internacionais ad hoc para a ex-Jugoslávia e para o Ruanda. Sucede, porém, que estes pecavam por não preverem um verdadeiro modelo em prol da vítima, pelo que o Estatuto de Roma, conjugado com o seu Regulamento de Procedimento e Prova, veio aditar um conjunto de medidas cruciais que visam proteger as vítimas e testemunhas, dar-lhes a possibilidade de participarem no processo e, ainda, garantir a reparação. Revela-se, pois, como um paradigma a ser levado em linha de conta pelo legislador interno, independentemente de o respetivo Estado ser ou não parte deste instrumento de Direito Internacional. Concluímos que o papel desempenhado pela comunidade internacional nesta chamada de atenção para a vítima deve ser levado em linha de conta em sede interna permitindo assim, com Nils Christie, que à vítima seja devolvido um conflito que é o seu. O presente estudo emprega uma metodologia qualitativa, atendendo essencialmente à doutrina e partindo da análise da inovação trazida pelo Tribunal Penal Internacional sobre esta temática. A hipótese que nos orienta reside na assunção de que o modelo apresentado pelo Estatuto de Roma em prol das vítimas tem potencial para ser levado em consideração pelo legislador interno.2020text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7731735(Revista) ISSN 2525-510XRevista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 6, Nº. 3, 2020, pags. 1417-1444porLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI