¿Hacia un penitenciarismo latinoamericano?: cambios y continuidades en las políticas penitenciarias argentinas (1900-1955)

This work aims to demonstrate the existence of two different moments in the international exchange of penitentiary ideas in Argentina during the first half of the twentieth century. On the one hand, we consider that during the first decades of the twentieth century the penitentiary references were p...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: González, Esteban, Núñez, Jorge
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2020
Subjects:
Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7655340
Source:Anuario de derecho penal y ciencias penales, ISSN 0210-3001, Tomo 73, Fasc/Mes 1, 2020, pags. 811-831
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Summary: This work aims to demonstrate the existence of two different moments in the international exchange of penitentiary ideas in Argentina during the first half of the twentieth century. On the one hand, we consider that during the first decades of the twentieth century the penitentiary references were principally European. In this sense, the active reception of the Italian criminology was central in the Argentinian academic publications. On the other hand, we focuses on Roberto Pettinato’ figure during the 1940s and 1950s. Pettinato, who was the General Director of Penal Institutions (Dirección General de Institutos Penales) of the Argentine Republic during the first Peronism, made a decisive contribution to the development of a penitentiary theory that was transnational in scope, specifically, a Latin American one. It should be pointed out that the establishing of these scientific and technical relations with Latin America was unprecedented and stood in contrast to the penitentiary policy promoted by the Argentine state in the previous decades. In this sense, we consider Pettinato’s figure a paradigm of rupture regarding the transnational relations and the penitentiary practices he implemented while not abandoning the criminology postulates.