El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales

This paper deals with the study of the electoral system of the Belgian House of Representatives and its electoral reforms. Belgium was the first European country to adopt an electoral system of proportional representation and, since then, its main elements have exhibited extraordinary stability. How...

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Main Author: Fernández Esquer, Carlos
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2020
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7341460
Source:Teoría y realidad constitucional, ISSN 1139-5583, Nº 45, 2020 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Sistema electoral), pags. 503-532
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00013761252023-03-04El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electoralesFernández Esquer, CarlosBelgiumelectoral systemselectoral reformsfederalismBélgicasistemas electoralesreformas electoralesfederalismoThis paper deals with the study of the electoral system of the Belgian House of Representatives and its electoral reforms. Belgium was the first European country to adopt an electoral system of proportional representation and, since then, its main elements have exhibited extraordinary stability. However, with the turn of the century, the coalition government headed by the liberal Guy Verhofstadt put the debate on institutional reforms at the center of the political agenda. This led to an electoral reform that involved several novelties: the «provincialization» of the electoral map, the establishment of a 5 percent threshold and the reduction of the list vote weight by half. In 2012, there was the last electoral reform, which consisted of the division of the controversial constituency of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde. This last episode shows the complexity of the Belgian federal model, consociational, bipolar and with centrifugal dynamics.El presente artículo aborda el estudio del sistema electoral de la Cámara de Representantes belga y sus reformas electorales. Bélgica fue el primer país europeo en adoptar un sistema de representación proporcional y, desde entonces, sus elementos centrales han exhibido una extraordinaria estabilidad. Sin embargo, con el cambio de siglo, el gobierno de coalición liderado por el liberal Guy Verhofstadt situó el debate sobre las reformas institucionales en el centro de la agenda política. Ello condujo a una reforma electoral que supuso la «provincialización» del mapa electoral, el establecimiento de una barrera electoral del 5 por ciento y la reducción a la mitad del peso de voto de lista. En 2012, se produjo la última reforma electoral, que consistió en la división de la polémica circunscripción de Bruselas-Halle-Vilvoorde. Este último episodio evidencia la complejidad del modelo federal belga, de carácter consociacional, bipolar y con dinámicas centrífugas.2020text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7341460(Revista) ISSN 1139-5583Teoría y realidad constitucional, ISSN 1139-5583, Nº 45, 2020 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Sistema electoral), pags. 503-532spaLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI
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Teoría y realidad constitucional, ISSN 1139-5583, Nº 45, 2020 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Sistema electoral), pags. 503-532
language
Spanish
topic
Belgium
electoral systems
electoral reforms
federalism
Bélgica
sistemas electorales
reformas electorales
federalismo
spellingShingle
Belgium
electoral systems
electoral reforms
federalism
Bélgica
sistemas electorales
reformas electorales
federalismo
Fernández Esquer, Carlos
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
description
This paper deals with the study of the electoral system of the Belgian House of Representatives and its electoral reforms. Belgium was the first European country to adopt an electoral system of proportional representation and, since then, its main elements have exhibited extraordinary stability. However, with the turn of the century, the coalition government headed by the liberal Guy Verhofstadt put the debate on institutional reforms at the center of the political agenda. This led to an electoral reform that involved several novelties: the «provincialization» of the electoral map, the establishment of a 5 percent threshold and the reduction of the list vote weight by half. In 2012, there was the last electoral reform, which consisted of the division of the controversial constituency of Brussels-Halle-Vilvoorde. This last episode shows the complexity of the Belgian federal model, consociational, bipolar and with centrifugal dynamics.
format
Article
author
Fernández Esquer, Carlos
author_facet
Fernández Esquer, Carlos
author_sort
Fernández Esquer, Carlos
title
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
title_short
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
title_full
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
title_fullStr
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
title_full_unstemmed
El sistema electoral de Bélgica y sus reformas electorales
title_sort
el sistema electoral de bélgica y sus reformas electorales
publishDate
2020
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7341460
_version_
1759585698839527424