¿Tienen las identificaciones policiales efectos preventivos en la delincuencia?

A key topic in international literature about police stops is if they meet their stated goals. In Spain, the law provide that ID checks should seek detection and prevention of infractions. While previous studies in Spain have found that the effectiveness of ID checks in detecting infractions is low,...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: López Riba, José María
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2019
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7298462
Source:International e-journal of criminal sciences, ISSN 1988-7949, Nº. 14, 2019 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Special Issue)
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Summary: A key topic in international literature about police stops is if they meet their stated goals. In Spain, the law provide that ID checks should seek detection and prevention of infractions. While previous studies in Spain have found that the effectiveness of ID checks in detecting infractions is low, no research on their preventive effects has been done. The current work is aimed to determine the preventive potential of ID checks on crime. For this purpose longitudinal data about recorded ID checks and crime by Mossos d'Esquadra in Catalonia have been collected at Police Basic Areas and monthly aggregated between January 2012 and December 2016. The analysis of the data has been done through fixed effects regression models with lags of 1, 2 and 3 months. Results suggest that ID checks can have preventive effects on property crimes but they predict increases in drug crimes. There are no significative relationships with the other kind of crimes.