An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe

The article focuses on the need to start a comprehensive and multidisciplinary discussion about the specific interaction between AI and criminal justice, especially within the European context. Indeed, criminal law is considered, for several reasons, a realm in which computational modelling and AI c...

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Main Author: Quattrocolo, Serena
Format: Article
Language:English
Published: 2019
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7169231
Source:Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 5, Nº. 3, 2019, pags. 1519-1554
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00013561382019-12-18An introduction to AI and criminal justice in EuropeQuattrocolo, Serenacomputational modelsalgorithmsdecision-making processstare decisisjudicial independencemodelos computacionaisalgoritmosprocesso decisóriostare decisisindependência judiciáriaThe article focuses on the need to start a comprehensive and multidisciplinary discussion about the specific interaction between AI and criminal justice, especially within the European context. Indeed, criminal law is considered, for several reasons, a realm in which computational modelling and AI cannot have a direct and relevant application. On the contrary, there is an urgent need to start a legal reflection about both the short- and long-term effects of such technology, that is reshaping all aspects of our social existence, justice included. The purpose of this article is to point out the most relevant risks in this scenario. There is no ambition to deliver answers but, rather, the need to set specific questions about if and how AI can be integrated into the criminal justice European systems. The author delays to a more comprehensive study any attempt of answering such questions.O presente artigo analisa a necessidade de iniciar uma discussão global e multidisciplinar em relação à interseção existente entre a inteligência artificial e a justiça penal, especialmente no contexto europeu. De fato, por diferentes razões, o direito penal é considerado o campo no qual a estrutura computacional e a inteligência artificial não podem obter uma aplicação direta e relevante. Ao contrário, constata-se uma urgente necessidade de iniciar uma reflexão global sobre os efeitos em curto e longo prazo de tal tecnologia, que está remodelando todos os aspectos de nossa existência social, a começar pela justiça. Nesse cenário delineado, o objetivo deste trabalho é evidenciar os riscos mais relevantes atualmente existentes. Contudo, não há a ambição de fornecer respostas, mas, ao contrário, expor perguntas específicas sobre se e como a inteligência artificial possa ser integrada nos sistemas europeus de justiça penal. Remete-se a um estudo mais completo para qualquer tentativa de responder a tais questionamentos.2019text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7169231(Revista) ISSN 2525-510XRevista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 5, Nº. 3, 2019, pags. 1519-1554engLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI
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Revista Brasileira de Direito Processual Penal, ISSN 2525-510X, Vol. 5, Nº. 3, 2019, pags. 1519-1554
language
English
topic
computational models
algorithms
decision-making process
stare decisis
judicial independence
modelos computacionais
algoritmos
processo decisório
stare decisis
independência judiciária
spellingShingle
computational models
algorithms
decision-making process
stare decisis
judicial independence
modelos computacionais
algoritmos
processo decisório
stare decisis
independência judiciária
Quattrocolo, Serena
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
description
The article focuses on the need to start a comprehensive and multidisciplinary discussion about the specific interaction between AI and criminal justice, especially within the European context. Indeed, criminal law is considered, for several reasons, a realm in which computational modelling and AI cannot have a direct and relevant application. On the contrary, there is an urgent need to start a legal reflection about both the short- and long-term effects of such technology, that is reshaping all aspects of our social existence, justice included. The purpose of this article is to point out the most relevant risks in this scenario. There is no ambition to deliver answers but, rather, the need to set specific questions about if and how AI can be integrated into the criminal justice European systems. The author delays to a more comprehensive study any attempt of answering such questions.
format
Article
author
Quattrocolo, Serena
author_facet
Quattrocolo, Serena
author_sort
Quattrocolo, Serena
title
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
title_short
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
title_full
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
title_fullStr
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
title_full_unstemmed
An introduction to AI and criminal justice in Europe
title_sort
introduction to ai and criminal justice in europe
publishDate
2019
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=7169231
_version_
1709751274845503488