Democracia en condiciones menos favorables

In this paper it is argued how democracy in Latin-America, in non-ideal conditions, can overcome some of the dangers which beset it: basically, inequality and corruption. From the excellent recent book of Roberto Gargarella (2015), the idea that maybe is the equality the great and unachieved promise...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Moreso, Josep Joan
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2018
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6857101
Source:Revista Mario Alario D'Filippo, ISSN 2256-2796, Vol. 10, Nº. 20, 2018, pags. 10-31
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Summary: In this paper it is argued how democracy in Latin-America, in non-ideal conditions, can overcome some of the dangers which beset it: basically, inequality and corruption. From the excellent recent book of Roberto Gargarella (2015), the idea that maybe is the equality the great and unachieved promise among the ideals of constitutionalism in this region of the world is accepted. it is also accepted that an important part of the reason for this absence of equality lies in the institutional design, in the engine room of the constitution, concretely in an hypertrophy of presidentialism. A complementary suggestion is added: the ideal of a constitutional democracy presupposes the existence of a state with an autonomous, efficient, professional and robust public administration. Only with a well-designed tax system and an administration apt to carry out the proper functions it is possible to build a well-ordered society able to reduce significantly corruption and to ground a republican and common good oriented democracy of equal persons.