La relación ética, neurociencias y Derecho Cuando la libertad individual está en entredicho es posible reafirmar la libertad política.

In the actual context of advance in neurosciences, its research and results, one crucial question related to ethics, politics and law have raised: Is freedom possible? Answer for that question is day-by-day more complex. Nowadays, in order to determine what drives human actions, academics must engag...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Martínez Vargas, John Fitzgerald
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2017
Subjects:
law
Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6567140
Source:Diálogos de saberes: investigaciones y ciencias sociales, ISSN 0124-0021, Nº. 47, 2017, pags. 23-33
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags: Be the first to tag this record
Summary: In the actual context of advance in neurosciences, its research and results, one crucial question related to ethics, politics and law have raised: Is freedom possible? Answer for that question is day-by-day more complex. Nowadays, in order to determine what drives human actions, academics must engage not only with deterministic theories presented by different sciences including social and humanistic sciences such as: evolutionary Darwinism, Freudian psychoanalysis an the human behavior theory derived from Marx’s “class struggle” (Marx, 1977), they must deal also with neurosciences and it’s explanatory capacity to understand human behavior. This methodological framework stems from Llinás (2003, 2014) and several other studies around the role of Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex (VMPC) in the configuration of moral judgement. Therefore, new challenges emerge to defend individual autonomy foundations, to explain the process of choice between good and evil, as well as how to resolve the normative aspirations of law related to moral, responsibility and damage. This article analyses the problematic drawn previously and suggests to answer this challenge through the political freedom notion given in the work of scholars such as Arendt (1997, 2008) and Nussbaum (2014), particularly from Nussbaum’s notion of political emotions and human capabilities.