Un asunto interno: la derrota del peronismo en las elecciones argentinas de 1983

The 1983 elections in Argentina were the first ones to take place after the dictatorship. The period following this dictatorship was known as “Process of National Reorganization”, which ended a cycle of military coups that had been happening since 1930 and it also opened a democratic period still in...

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Bibliographic Details
Main Author: Baeza Belda, Joaquín
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2017
Subjects:
Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6133134
Source:Revista de Derecho Electoral, ISSN 1659-2069, Nº. 24, 2017
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Summary: The 1983 elections in Argentina were the first ones to take place after the dictatorship. The period following this dictatorship was known as “Process of National Reorganization”, which ended a cycle of military coups that had been happening since 1930 and it also opened a democratic period still in effect today. The result, with the first electoral defeat of Peronism, came as a surprise for a party believed to be the representative of the Argentine people. Nonetheless, there were concrete causes that can explain this outcome. Without dismissing other reasons such as a poorly focused campaign or the multiple changes introduced after seven years of dictatorship, this article outlines the importance of internal party factors in justicialism. In this regard, a disorganized reorganization and selection of candidates in which informal, even violent, methods prevailed had also great relevance to explain the adverse outcome of judicialism. From a historical perspective and using mainly journalistic sources, this work addresses issues such as the relationship between the national and the provincial level and the difficulties of a personalist party after the death of its leader