La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo

This article explores the political identity of Podemos which, along with other political forces, has transformed the party system in Spain. Podemos emerged as a party that rejected the left–right axis, defining itself in terms of a polarity between those “from above” and those “from below”. In con...

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Main Author: Franzé, Javier
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2017
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Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6089211
Source:Revista española de ciencia política, ISSN 1575-6548, Nº 44, 2017, pags. 219-246
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Revista española de ciencia política, ISSN 1575-6548, Nº 44, 2017, pags. 219-246
language
Spanish
topic
Podemos
Transición española
antagonismo
agonismo
izquierda europea
Podemos
Spanish Transition
antagonism
agonism
European Left
spellingShingle
Podemos
Transición española
antagonismo
agonismo
izquierda europea
Podemos
Spanish Transition
antagonism
agonism
European Left
Franzé, Javier
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
description
This article explores the political identity of Podemos which, along with other political forces, has transformed the party system in Spain. Podemos emerged as a party that rejected the left–right axis, defining itself in terms of a polarity between those “from above” and those “from below”. In contrast to other studies, it is here considered that political identity cannot be determined solely in relation to such a dichotomy, but it can be antagonistic, as conceptualized by Laclau, or agonistic, as seen by Mouffe’s. Antagonism implies a relation of enmity with the political order and, therefore, a contestation of the latter, whereas agonism involves an adversarial relation with the political order and, hence, its regeneration. Taking this distinction as key to understanding Podemos’s political identity, this article presents a discursive analysis of the “purple party”, from its origins up to October 2016. The aim is to examine, using criteria based on form rather than contents, whether Podemos sees the existing political order as an insurmountable obstacle to the success of its demands or, rather, a fertile ground to achieve them. In the concluding remarks, it is argued that around January 2015 the initial antagonistic relationship became an agonistic one. The increasing adjustment of the Podemos discourse to the existing political order should not be seen as a moderation but, rather, as a process of negotiation with sedimented meaning. And this is not incompatible with the quest for a new hegemony.
format
Article
author
Franzé, Javier
author_facet
Franzé, Javier
author_sort
Franzé, Javier
title
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
title_short
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
title_full
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
title_fullStr
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
title_full_unstemmed
La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
title_sort
la trayectoria del discurso de podemos: del antagonismo al agonismo
publishDate
2017
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6089211
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1759948158206476288
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dialnet-ar-18-ART00012150812023-03-08La trayectoria del discurso de Podemos: del antagonismo al agonismoFranzé, JavierPodemosTransición españolaantagonismoagonismoizquierda europeaPodemosSpanish TransitionantagonismagonismEuropean LeftThis article explores the political identity of Podemos which, along with other political forces, has transformed the party system in Spain. Podemos emerged as a party that rejected the left–right axis, defining itself in terms of a polarity between those “from above” and those “from below”. In contrast to other studies, it is here considered that political identity cannot be determined solely in relation to such a dichotomy, but it can be antagonistic, as conceptualized by Laclau, or agonistic, as seen by Mouffe’s. Antagonism implies a relation of enmity with the political order and, therefore, a contestation of the latter, whereas agonism involves an adversarial relation with the political order and, hence, its regeneration. Taking this distinction as key to understanding Podemos’s political identity, this article presents a discursive analysis of the “purple party”, from its origins up to October 2016. The aim is to examine, using criteria based on form rather than contents, whether Podemos sees the existing political order as an insurmountable obstacle to the success of its demands or, rather, a fertile ground to achieve them. In the concluding remarks, it is argued that around January 2015 the initial antagonistic relationship became an agonistic one. The increasing adjustment of the Podemos discourse to the existing political order should not be seen as a moderation but, rather, as a process of negotiation with sedimented meaning. And this is not incompatible with the quest for a new hegemony.Este artículo se pregunta por la identidad política de Podemos, formación que junto a otras ha transformado el sistema de partidos en España. Podemos surgió como partido que rechazaba el eje izquierda-derecha y se definía según la contraposición abajo-arriba. A diferencia de otros análisis, aquí consideramos que esa dicotomía es insuficiente para definir una identidad política, y que hay dos formas de plantearla: la antagonista, de Laclau, y la agonista, de Mouffe. El antagonismo implica una relación de enemistad con el orden político y así su impugnación, mientras el agonismo representa una relación adversarial y, por tanto, de regeneración del orden. Considerando esta distinción clave para comprender la identidad política de Podemos, este artículo ofrece un análisis discursivo de la formación morada desde sus inicios hasta octubre de 2016. El objetivo es examinar, con un criterio formal más que de contenido, si para Podemos el orden existente constituye un obstáculo insalvable para realizar sus demandas o, al contrario, representa un terreno fértil para conseguir esos fines. En las conclusiones se argumentará que hacia enero de 2015 la relación antagonista inicial se transformó en otra agonista. La creciente adaptación del discurso de Podemos al orden no debe entenderse como una moderación, sino como una negociación con el sentido sedimentado, la cual no es incompatible con la búsqueda de una nueva hegemonía.2017text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=6089211(Revista) ISSN 1575-6548Revista española de ciencia política, ISSN 1575-6548, Nº 44, 2017, pags. 219-246spaLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI