La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social

Law is often the source of social discriminations, but, at the same time, it can be thekey to delete these social discriminations. The authors try to give an example of thisphenomenon, by analyzing the impact of the Italian citizenship’s rules over the descendantsof the Italian citizens emigrated ab...

Full description

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Main Authors: Castellari, Massimiliano, Mellone, Marco
Format: Article
Language:Spanish
Published: 2011
Subjects:
Online Access:https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=4809244
Source:Revista Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, ISSN 0124-0579, Vol. 13, Nº. 2, 2011, pags. 107-139
Tags: Add Tag
No Tags: Be the first to tag this record
id
dialnet-ar-18-ART0000684762
record_format
dialnet
institution
Dialnet
collection
Dialnet AR
source
Revista Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, ISSN 0124-0579, Vol. 13, Nº. 2, 2011, pags. 107-139
language
Spanish
topic
Derecho
sociología
demo
ciudadanía
emigración
Italia
discriminación
citizenship
emigration
Italy
discrimination
cidadania
emigração
Itália
discriminação
spellingShingle
Derecho
sociología
demo
ciudadanía
emigración
Italia
discriminación
citizenship
emigration
Italy
discrimination
cidadania
emigração
Itália
discriminação
Castellari, Massimiliano
Mellone, Marco
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
description
Law is often the source of social discriminations, but, at the same time, it can be thekey to delete these social discriminations. The authors try to give an example of thisphenomenon, by analyzing the impact of the Italian citizenship’s rules over the descendantsof the Italian citizens emigrated abroad and, especially, in South America.Indeed, according to the former Italian law, only fathers could transmit iure sanguinisthe citizenship to their children: moreover, women automatically lost theItalian citizenship if they get a foreign citizenship by concluding a marriage witha foreign husband.These rules hardly discriminate the Italian women emigrated abroad and, especially,their descendants who were prevented to get the Italian’s citizenship.These discriminatory rules were finally deleted by the Italian Constitutional Courtin the Seventies and in the Eighties: however, the effects of those rules still persisted,since the decision of the Constitutional Court could not overcome the temporal limit of the entry into force of the Constitution (01.01.1948) and, therefore, could not“cover” the discriminatory facts occurred before that date.Finally in 2009, the Italian Supreme Court, by extending the effects ratione temporisof the decisions of the Constitutional Court, “reopened the doors” of the Italiancitizenship to a huge number of Italian citizenship born from Italian women beforethe 01.01.1948.Therefore, the authors focus on the social impact of this decision for all the potentialItalian citizens living in South America and try to assess its juridical effects overthe Italian law.
format
Article
author
Castellari, Massimiliano
Mellone, Marco
author_facet
Castellari, Massimiliano
Mellone, Marco
author_sort
Castellari, Massimiliano
title
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
title_short
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
title_full
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
title_fullStr
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
title_full_unstemmed
La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia social
title_sort
la ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en colombia. la eliminación de una injusticia social
publishDate
2011
url
https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=4809244
_version_
1709713480974598144
spelling
dialnet-ar-18-ART00006847622018-03-21La ciudadanía italiana y los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados en Colombia. La eliminación de una injusticia socialCastellari, MassimilianoMellone, MarcoDerechosociologíademociudadaníaemigraciónItaliadiscriminacióncitizenshipemigrationItalydiscriminationcidadaniaemigraçãoItáliadiscriminaçãoLaw is often the source of social discriminations, but, at the same time, it can be thekey to delete these social discriminations. The authors try to give an example of thisphenomenon, by analyzing the impact of the Italian citizenship’s rules over the descendantsof the Italian citizens emigrated abroad and, especially, in South America.Indeed, according to the former Italian law, only fathers could transmit iure sanguinisthe citizenship to their children: moreover, women automatically lost theItalian citizenship if they get a foreign citizenship by concluding a marriage witha foreign husband.These rules hardly discriminate the Italian women emigrated abroad and, especially,their descendants who were prevented to get the Italian’s citizenship.These discriminatory rules were finally deleted by the Italian Constitutional Courtin the Seventies and in the Eighties: however, the effects of those rules still persisted,since the decision of the Constitutional Court could not overcome the temporal limit of the entry into force of the Constitution (01.01.1948) and, therefore, could not“cover” the discriminatory facts occurred before that date.Finally in 2009, the Italian Supreme Court, by extending the effects ratione temporisof the decisions of the Constitutional Court, “reopened the doors” of the Italiancitizenship to a huge number of Italian citizenship born from Italian women beforethe 01.01.1948.Therefore, the authors focus on the social impact of this decision for all the potentialItalian citizens living in South America and try to assess its juridical effects overthe Italian law.O direito com freqüência é fonte de discriminações sociais e à vez pode ser a ferramentapara solucioná-las. Os autores tratam de dar um exemplo deste fenômeno, ao analisaro impacto das normas em matéria de cidadania italiana sobre os descendentes decidadãos italianos emigrados ao estrangeiro e mais precisamente na América do sul.Assim, em aplicação da velha normativa italiana, só o pai transmitia iure sanguinis,a cidadania a seus descendentes; além disso, as mulheres perdiam automaticamente acidadania italiana se houvessem adquirido uma cidadania estrangeira por matrimoniocom cônjuge estrangeiro.Estas normas discriminavam à mulher italiana emigrada ao estrangeiro e especialmentea seus descendentes, os quais não podiam adquirir a cidadania italiana.As normas discriminatórias foram por fim ab-rogadas por parte da Corte Constitucionalnos anos Setenta e Oitenta; no entanto, os efeitos das mesmas seguiam persistindo,considerando que as sentenças da Corte Constitucional não abrigavam fatos ocorridosanteriormente à entrada em vigor da Constituição (01.01.1948) e assim não davamsolução às discriminações acontecidas antes dessa data.Em 2009, a Corte Suprema Italiana, ao estender os efeitos ratione temporis das decisões daCorte Constitucional, “abria as portas” da cidadania italiana a um número considerávelde cidadãos italianos nascidos de mulheres italianas antes do 1° de janeiro de 1948.Assim, os autores focalizam sua atenção sobre o impacto social da decisão paratodos os potenciais cidadãos que moram na América do Sul e procuram avaliarseus efeitos jurídicos sobre o ordenamento italiano.El Derecho a menudo es fuente de discriminaciones sociales y a la vez puede ser la herramienta para solucionarlas. Los autores tratan de dar un ejemplo de este fenómeno, al analizar el impacto de las normas en materia de ciudadanía italiana sobre los descendientes de ciudadanos italianos emigrados al extranjero y más precisamente a América del Sur.Así, en aplicación de la vieja normativa italiana, solo el padre transmitía iure sanguinis la ciudadanía a sus descendientes: además, las mujeres perdían automáticamente la ciudadanía italiana si hubiesen adquirido una ciudadanía extranjera por matrimonio con cónyuge extranjero. Estas normas discriminaban a la mujer italiana emigrada al extranjero y especialmente a sus descendientes, quienes no podían adquirir dicha ciudadanía. Las normas discriminatorias fueron por fin abrogadas por parte de la Corte Constitucional en los años setenta y ochenta: sin embargo, los efectos de estas seguían persistiendo,c onsiderando que las sentencias de la Corte Constitucional no cobijaban hechos ocurridos anteriormente a la entrada en vigor de la Constitución (01.01.1948) y así no daban solución a las discriminaciones acontecidas antes de esa fecha. En el 2009, la Corte Suprema Italiana, al extender los efectos ratione temporis de las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional, “abría las puertas” de la ciudadanía italiana a un número considerable de ciudadanos italianos nacidos de mujeres italianas antesdel 1º de enero de 1948. Así, los autores focalizan su atención sobre el impacto social de la decisión para todos los potenciales ciudadanos que viven en América del Sur y buscan evaluar sus efectos jurídicos sobre el ordenamiento italiano.2011text (article)application/pdfhttps://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/oaiart?codigo=4809244(Revista) ISSN 0124-0579Revista Estudios Socio-Jurídicos, ISSN 0124-0579, Vol. 13, Nº. 2, 2011, pags. 107-139spaLICENCIA DE USO: Los documentos a texto completo incluidos en Dialnet son de acceso libre y propiedad de sus autores y/o editores. Por tanto, cualquier acto de reproducción, distribución, comunicación pública y/o transformación total o parcial requiere el consentimiento expreso y escrito de aquéllos. Cualquier enlace al texto completo de estos documentos deberá hacerse a través de la URL oficial de éstos en Dialnet. Más información: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS STATEMENT: Full text documents hosted by Dialnet are protected by copyright and/or related rights. This digital object is accessible without charge, but its use is subject to the licensing conditions set by its authors or editors. Unless expressly stated otherwise in the licensing conditions, you are free to linking, browsing, printing and making a copy for your own personal purposes. All other acts of reproduction and communication to the public are subject to the licensing conditions expressed by editors and authors and require consent from them. Any link to this document should be made using its official URL in Dialnet. More info: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/info/derechosOAI